He claimed later that all the seeds for his major ideas are represented in the Red Book, which is full of ornate drawings and calligraphy. Associated to the concretistic interpretation is the objective view, or in the level of the object, of the dream.
Someone dreaming of a large stick, Freud would view them dreaming of a penis. Hence the interpretation of a dream will have decisive effect in the therapy only when the patient understands it too.
This difference, of paradigm, of Weltanschauungwill obviously reflect in the dream theory. You will find many references throughout the text to these two important figures.
And surprisingly enough, Jung did not believe that dreams need to be interpreted for them to perform their function. From the unconscious pole the compensation to the conscious pole shows up, regulating the whole personality.
In this way, the whole organism tries to find the equilibrium between the psychic poles again. The concept of dream as an important tool for transformation and analysis was actually rescued and brought back by Freud, as we know.
Instead, he suggested that dreams are doing the work of integrating our conscious and unconscious lives; he called this the process of individuation. I am definitely someone who takes bits and pieces from both. Nonetheless, the dream has a meaning, a direction and reach of its own, has its own value - the idea of a finalist character Zielstrebigkeit influenced by Maeder, who "vigorously points the prospective-finalist signification of dreams, as an adequate unconscious function that tries out solutions of conflicts and actual problems and tries to expose it through symbols" CW 8, p.
The symptom, understood symbolically and in its finality, is seen as the best attempt from the unconscious to keep an equilibrium, an order in the psyche - the best example being the appearance of mandala symbolism.
Freud considered that the experience of anxiety dreams and nightmares was the result of failures in the dream-work: Jung, as we saw, sees in the symbol the eternally mutant character of the psyche. The objective of dream analysis for Freud was "to convert unpleasant representations into pleasant ones" Die Traumdeutung, Ges.
But this can regarded as a never-ending process, because it represents the development of consciousness coming from the unconscious opposites and their energy - eternal tension and mutation. The quicker we can balance all these ancient needs, the more productively we can live.
Every unconscious dynamic has thus a finality, to which Jung gave the name of "individuation process". Gestalt therapists extended the subjective approach, claiming that even the inanimate objects in a dream can represent aspects of the dreamer.
Again we can distinguish the difference of paradigm, concerning the unconscious, between Psychoanalysis and Analytical Psychology. Prospection must be taken into consideration especially when the conscious attitude is too one-sided, moving away from the unconscious nature.
Most of the desires expressed in our dreams, he believed, were sexual. It is common for people to have a mix of Freudian and Jungian views on dreams. This concept is thus in obvious opposition to the repression in the dreams; it takes the dream as the voice of the unconscious in us the "inner voice" according to Neumannthat orients and compensates consciousness.
Jung believed that dreams may contain ineluctable truths, philosophical pronouncements, illusions, wild fantasies, memories, plans, irrational experiences and even telepathic visions. He sees it as a substratum to the formation of the ego, a supreme creative force coming from the "depths" mentioned previously and the dream is its product.
This position turns the patient into an active element in the therapy, unfrocking the therapist of the "almighty" inflation and facilitating the confrontation of projections from both sides. On the other side, Jung concealed dreams as a product of nature, a natural manifestation of the unconscious; his theory came mainly from his empirical work with patients, with other persons in general and with himself, and is based on a "Human" Psychology, not exclusively on Psychopathology.
In the final approach, the dream interpreter asks, "Why this symbol and not another? Incubation rites induces a mantike atechnos, an artificial mania, in which the soul spoke directly, or, in Latin, divinat" C.
The id is the unconscious side of ourselves which Freud believed consisted of instinctive drives. Cultrix, Sao Paulo, Through a reduction or depreciation of a conscious attitude, it works in a compensatory manner too - and can be eminently prospective ibid.
Freud acted as a mentor and father figure towards Jung, and Jung acted as an energetic new prospect to the movement towards Freud. This book may prove to rewrite everything we thought we knew about Carl Jung. Instead of masking hidden desires, Jung believed that dream symbols express what is going on in the unconscious and they make an impression on the dreamer.Jung’s approach to dream interpretation involved amplification, the process of asking the dreamer to focus on various symbols in the dream and provide as many associations as possible about the particular symbol; whereas Freud used free association to have the dreamer create a chain of associations beginning with the dream symbol.
Video: Carl Jung's Theories: Personality, Psyche & Dreams In this lesson, we will be discussing Carl Jung's theories. Specifically, we will look at his theories on personality, dream analysis and.
Dream interpretation is the process of using it to demonstrate his technique of decoding the latent dream thought from the manifest content of the dream. Freud described the actual technique of Manfred (): Towards a Theory of Dream Theories (with an Excursus on C.G.
Jung). In: Bernard Dieterle and Manfred Engel (eds. Freud and Jung definitely changed the world of psychology, more specifically the interpretation of dreams.
It is common for people to have a mix of Freudian and Jungian views on dreams. I am definitely someone who takes bits and pieces from both. Sigmund Freud versus Carl Jung on Dream Works Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung were two of the great psychological minds from the early Both of these men had a great impact on the psychology called psychoanalysis, and, inside of that psychology, they both had their own theories on dreams.
Read some of the basic principles of the psychoanalytic theories devised by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung and decide who you most agree with. Major Freudian Concepts. Oedipal Conflict—This occurs between the ages of three and five, and the Freudian Oedipus complex has two parts.Download