The electoral college

Each state has as many "electors" in the Electoral College as it has Representatives and Senators in the United States Congress, and the District of Columbia has three electors. Relevant portions of the Certificate of Vote are read for each state, in alphabetical order.

Proposals for Revision of the Electoral College System. The same principle applies to other special interest groups such as labor unions, farmers, environmentalists, and so forth.

A third idea was to have the president elected by a direct popular vote. Hayes and William A. He passes the votes to four tellers—two from the House and two from the Senate—who announce the results. A tie for vice president would be broken by the Senate.

What is the Electoral College?

During much of the 20th century, however, the effect of the general ticket system was to exaggerate the popular vote, not reverse it. And too, the idea of political parties had gained respectability through the persuasive writings of such political philosophers as Edmund Burke and James Madison.

When the time for balloting arrives, the electors choose one or two people to act as tellers. In addition, they argue that the electoral college protects the interests of small states and sparsely populated areas, which they claim would be ignored if the president was directly elected.

If that, too, was tied, the U. The vice president and the Speaker of the House sit at the podium, with the vice president in the seat of the Speaker of the House.

United States Electoral College

The vice presidency would go to whatever remaining contender had the greatest number of electoral votes. Chelsea House Publishers, An objection must be declared in writing and signed by at least one Representative and one Senator.

This process has been normalized to the point the names of the electors appear on the ballot in only eight states: A second idea was to have the State legislatures select the president. This document sets forth who was chosen to cast the electoral votes. In that instance, the Senate adopted an alphabetical roll call and voting aloud.

House of Representatives, as the chamber closest to the people, would choose the president from among the top five contenders. Why, then, apply a sentimental attachment to popular majorities only to the Electoral College?

The development of national political parties toward the end of the 18th century provided the new system with its first major challenge. Under that system, the adult male citizens of Rome were divided, according to their wealth, into groups of called Centuries.

In many states, political officials give short speeches at this point in the proceedings. House of Representatives would select the president in accordance with the 12th Amendment. Additionally, the Twelfth Amendment states a "majority of the whole number" of senators currently 51 of is necessary for election.

Each State was allocated a number of Electors equal to the number of its U.

Electoral College Fast Facts

But of that, more later. This may be because the physical and demographic circumstances of the country had not changed that much in a dozen or so years.Nov 09,  · The Electoral College is a group of people that elects the president and the vice president of the United States.

(The word “college” in this. The electoral college the Electoral College system, the States serve as the Centurial groups (though they are not, of course, based on wealth), and the number of votes per State is determined by the size of each State's Congressional delegation.

The official U.S. Electoral College web site, providing current information about the presidential election, information about the roles and responsibilities of state officials and Electors, instructions for state officials and Electors, the timeline of key dates for the presidential election, information about laws and legal requirements related to the presidential election and the Electors.

Electoral College Fast Facts. Established in Article II, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution, the Electoral College is the formal body which elects the President and Vice President of the United States.

Electoral college: Electoral college, the system by which the president and vice president of the United States are chosen. It was devised by the framers of the United States Constitution to provide a method of election that was feasible, desirable, and consistent with a republican form of government.

For the results. Just like we do every four years, America’s getting ready for another Presidential election. But did you know your vote doesn’t go straight to your favorite candidate? That’s because the.

The electoral college
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